The most important thing a cyclist can do to ensure bicycle safety is to follow the rules of the road. When sharing the road with traffic, you need to follow the road rules as if you were in a car. Stopping when you see stop signs or stop lights and respecting lanes and road directions is extremely important. Knowing and using hand signals when turning or changing lanes is crucial in letting other users of the road that you are sharing know what you are about to do next.
Wearing a helmet can safe your life. Wearing a helmet that properly fits you is also key in reducing the potential injury from a fall or collision. Like a motorcycle driver, when you drive your bicycle on the road, you need to remember that the vehicles moving around you protect the driver with four walls and a roof. Your behaviour cannot be erratic; you must drive safely so that other road users are able to maneuver around you without jeopardizing your safety or the safety of other motorists.
Wearing reflective clothing in the evening or fog is important as well as being aware of the weather conditions so you are able to ride your bike without risk of skidding or falling due to wet or slippery road conditions. Being aware of the road as well as other obstacles will assist you in riding without problems. Checking your tires and doing a general safety check of your bicycle each and every time you plan to use it is a good idea.
Parents should consider Enrolling children in a bicycle safety course. Many local schools and police departments offer safety courses to teach children the importance of being careful on their bikes. Knowing their bike well will help a child drive it defensively so until they are comfortable about the way a new bike handles, extra caution should be used. Telling them about the importance of bicycle rules such as not double riding and always wearing their helmet will help keep kids safe. Teach them to use hand signals and walk their bike across the street. Warn them of the danger of riding between parked cars or being towed by to moving vehicles as well as the risk of not paying attention to traffic around them. Assure them that keeping their hands on the handle bars at all times (other than to signal) is the safest way to operate their bike.
Many cities have dedicated bicycle paths that allow families to ride together or individuals to ride their bike in a safe environment. Bicycle safety courses are typically offered in most large cities also.